AirFair has a collection of research articles about the health effect of airports, including air and noise pollution. If you would like to read any of these research studies, please contact AirFair by email, phone, or letter.
A general finding in studies of the effects of noise on cognition and human performance is that the task be performed has to be complex and cognitively demanding (cf Smith, 1989; 1992) to be negatively affected by noise. Tasks that are simple and repetitive are unaffected by noise, and if the task is boring, simple enough or well learned, noise may even improve performance. Thus, a search for noise sensitive tasks must focus on tasks and are have some complexity and are taxing the cognitive resources.
Aircraft noise raises blood pressure even whilst people are sleeping, says study Researchers find noticeable increase in blood pressure after 'noise event' over 35 decibels - Dr Lars Jarup imperial College, London, UK
Night-time noise from aircraft or traffic can increase a person's blood pressure even if it does not wake them, according to a new study published today in the European Heart Journal. Read entire article>>
A homeowner who brought the first in a series of noise pollution court cases against Zurich airport has been awarded SFr170,000 ($160,000) compensation.
The Federal Court ordered airport operators Unique to compensate for lost property value. The ruling could open the floodgates for thousands of similar claims, costing up to an estimated SFr1.2 billion
Working Paper 2005-06 Revised January 2008 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Research Division
Airport-Related Noise, Proximity, and Housing Prices in Atlanta Jeffrey P. Cohen and Cletus C. Coughlin
The authors find strong evidence indicating that the prices of houses
near the Atlanta airport were affected positively by declining noise
levels. The magnitude of the resulting impact on housing prices,
roughly 20 percent, is substantial.
Read study here>>
Before the opening of the new Munich International Airport and the termination of the old airport, children near both sites were recruited into aircraft-noise groups (aircraft noise at present or pending) and control groups with no aircraft noise (closely matched for socioeconomic status).
A total of 326 children (mean age 5 10.4 years) took part in three data-collection waves, one before and two after the switch-over of the airports. After the switch, long-term memory and reading were impaired in the noise group at the new airport. and improved in the formerly noise-exposed group at the old airport. Short-term memory also improved in the latter group after the old airport was closed.
At the new airport, speech perception was impaired in the newly noise-exposed group. Mediational analyses suggest that poorer reading was not mediated by speech perception, and that impaired recall was in part mediated by reading.